3132幸运的彩

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作者:丛子兮 来源:北京教育增刊 点击: 发布时间:2017年03月01日

    

丛子兮

3132幸运的彩(beijingxiandaiyinleyanxiuxueyuanyingshixijuxueyuanboyinzhuchixijiangshi,shuoshiyanjiusheng)

 

  体育赛事类节目是当今收视率最高的节目之一,体育转播事业的迅速发展,让体育解说职业面临巨大的挑战。想要适应新时期的要求,提升体育赛事类节目的质量,体育解说的好坏是重要一环。而体育解说的立足之本是“说”,是语言,如果语言缺乏魅力,将直接影响节目质量。提升体育解说语言的魅力,成为了发展体育事业的首要任务。体育解说是以电视为媒介,依靠画面语言和有声语言对体育活动进行叙述、介绍、讲解、评论和烘托的应用语言艺术。这是一个具有很强的综合性的工种,因此体育解说员需要具备很强的综合能力,而如何通过语言将综合能力展现出来,成为近年来体育解说员的难题。
 

3132幸运的彩  rujinguangbodianshishiyeyijingyinglailexinmeitifazhandeshiqi,zaizhongduolingyudangzhong,tiyushiyedefeisufazhanshidegegemeitiduitiyusaishizhibojiemujingzhengyichangjilie。cong08nianbeijingaoyunhuidechenggongjuban,daorujinshenban2022niandongaohuidechenggong,guorenduitiyudereqingyeshikongqiangaozhang。2013nianzhongyangdianshitaijiakaicctv5+pindaoyimanzushouzhongduisaishijiemudexuqiu,2015nian,tengxunshipinyumeiguolanqiuzhiyeliansainbaqiandingledujiahezuoxieyi,weilezhengqugengduodewendingdexinmeitishouzhong。

3132幸运的彩    zheizhongzhongjixiangbiaoming,tiyusaishizhuanbojiemuyijingchengweiwoguoshoushilvjiaogaodejiemuzhiyi。neime,kanderenduole,xinshangdeshuipingyejiuziranyuelaiyuegao,duitiyujieshuoyuandeyaoqiuyehuiyuelaiyueduo、yuelaiyuekeke。erzaixinshiqibeijingxia,shouzhongbuzaixuyaojieshuoyuanguoduodixushubisaideguocheng,ershixiwangjieshuoyuantigongyixiechuledianshihuamianyiwaideneirong;shouzhongbuzaixiwangtiyujieshuoyuansibandejieshaobisaijincheng,gengxiwangjieshuoyuannengzaijinzhangdebisaifenweizhongtigonggengduomeidexiangshou;shouzhongbuzaimanzuyutiyujieshuoyuanshigetiyujiemuzhuchiren,ergengxiwangjieshuoyuanshigegenzijizhanzaiyigezhanhaodeqiumidaibiao……zheixieshouzhongxinlidezhuanbian,doujianggaibiantiyujieshuoyuan“shuo”defangshi,yincitishengtiyujieshuoyuandeyuyanmeili,youweizhongyao。

  一、继承传统解说中的语言基本功

  jinnianlai,duoshujieshuoyuanbingqilechuantongtiyujieshuozhongdemiaoshuxingjieshuofangshi,tansuoduofenggedejieshuozhilu,suiranqudeleyidingdechenggong,yeshidewomendetiyujieshuochengxianchumangmudechuangxinhefazhan。yiweizhuiqiugexinghuafazhan,quehushiletiyujieshuobenshengongxingshangdeyaoqiu。

  woguodetiyujieshuozhuyaoshifaduanyuguangbo,dianshitiyujieshuoyeshiyoudiantaidetiyujieshuofazhanerlaide,youyuzheizhongteshudelishibeijing,suoyimuqianwomendedianshitiyujieshuorengranhaishidaiyouguangbodeyingzidejumian。erzheige“yingzi”shiyidaijiezheyidaidejieshuoyuanchuanchengxialaide,suiranwomendetiyujieshuoshiyezaifazhan,womenyerengranbunengbingqiyiqiedechuantong,mangmuchuangxinhefazhan,womenbixuzaixinshiqilirangtiyujieshuoyuyanzoujichenghefazhanxiangjiehededaolu,congerwanchengzhidefeiyue。

  yincitiyujieshuoyuanbixujuyoulianghaode“kougong”,yaoqiujieshuoyuanbixuputonghuachunzheng、kouchiqingchu,zaijiushiyinsebijiaohao,zheiyeshisuoyoujiemuzhuchirenheboyinyuandegongxingyaoqiu,shijieshuodelizuzhiben。qiejiyiweizhuiqiugenshouzhongtaojinhu,shuoduanzi,doule,qiuxinqiuyi,erhushilezuijibendeyuyangongli。

  二、明确体育解说正确的声音形式

  tiyujieshuodeyuyanjuyouxianmingdetedian。zaizhiboguochengzhong,weilehongtuobisaidefenwei,rangshouzhongyouzhongshenlinqijingdeganjue,douxuyaokaoyuyanlaiwancheng。 suoyi,bixumingquetiyujieshuoyouzhengquedeyoushengyuyanbiaodaxingshi。

  (yi)yuyanbiaoshukuai,qieduoyongduanjuzi

  tiyubisaidegongtongtezhengjiushi“kuai”,suoyiweileshitiyujieshuoyuandejiangjienengyubisaidejinchengtongbu,jieshuoyuanfangmianyaojiakuaiyusu,lingyifangmianjiuyaozuodaoyanjianyigai,duoyongduanjuzi,shaoyongzhangjuzi,yuyanyaojinglian,liqiuzaiyijuhuazhongchuandazhunquedexinxi。

3132幸运的彩  (er)jieshuoshengyinsecaiyaomingliang,yushishangyang,jiezouqingkuaihuopo

  jianyutiyujieshuodeyulegongneng,zaiyidingchengdushangnengshirenmenfangsongjingshen、taoyexingqing。suoyitiyujieshuodeyuyanbixujirenyizhong“qingsongchangkuai”deganjue。tiyujieshuoyuanzaiyongshengfangmianyaodaduoyishishengweizhu,qiangduyeyaoshizhong,yingaoyaopiangaoyixie;zaiyuqihejiezoushang,yinggailiuchangziraneryoufuyoubianhua。

  (san)yuyanyaoyoushandongxing

3132幸运的彩  xiangyaozaijieshuoguochengzhongdiaodongguanzhongdeqingxu,yuyanshiyigeyoulidegongju。jieshuoyuanchenggongwanchengjieshuorendeguanjianshinengfouzaizuidaxiandudiganranshouzhong。xiangyaotigaoyuyandemeili,bixuyaojianchibuxiedichuilianzijiyuyandeganranli。xiangxindajiadouduiliuxiangduode04nianduodeyadianaoyunhuiguanjundebisaijiyiyouxin,zaineichangbisaizhong,jieshuoyuanyangjianzhuangtaifeichangjidong,neiju“liuxiang,liuxiang,liuxiangyingle!”yincierchengweiyiduanjiaju,yewushucidechuxianzaiwomendetiyuxuanchuanpianzhong。zheiyangdejieshuoyuyanzhenghaofuhedangshiguankanbisaiguanzhongdexinqing,yefuhejieshuoyuandangshideqingxubiaoda。xiangyaoyongyouzheiyangjuyoushandongxingdeyuyan,buguangyaozaiyuyanshangxiagongfu,haixuyaojieshuoyuanzaibutonghuanjinghexinjingxiapeiyangzijideqingxu,qingxushikeyichuandide,shouzhongxuyaozheiyangdechuandi。

  三、做到体育解说语言和内容的和谐统一

  yizhiyilai,yejiedoucunzaizhezheiyangyizhongcuowudexiangfa;zhiyaotiyuzhishidongdeduo,tiyuxinxizhangwodeshuliangchongzu,jieshuodeshihouyoudeshuo,jiukeyichengweiyimingtiyujieshuoyuanle。xianran,zheixierenzhilejieshishideyibufen,erhulvelelingwaiyigezhongyaodeyimian,zheiduiyujieshuoyuanshulizhengquedejieshuosixianghetigaoyewusuzhifangmianyouzhehendadeyingxiang。

  zaitiyujieshuodangzhong,yuyanheneirongdeguanxishijishangjiushisikaohebiaoshudeguanxi,suoyixuyaozaiyuyanshangxiagongfu。ruguojieshuoyuanbulejieyoushengyuyanbiaodadejiqiao,tamendeyuyanbukenengzuodaozhunque、huopo;ruguojieshuoyuanmeiyouxionghoudeciyugongdi,tamendeyuyangengzuobudaojinglian、yishu;ruguojieshuoyuanbuhuiyongneiwaibujiqiaojiangzijideqingganchongfendibiaoluchulai,yuyangengbukenengyouxianchangganhexuanranli。

  yuyanheneirongshitongyizaitiyujieshuoyuandejieshuodangzhongde。zhongshiyifangmian,hushilingyifangmiandoushiduidianshitiyujieshuodeyizhongcuowudelijie。xianzaiyejieyeyouhenduojieshuoyuanyijingzhuyidaozheiyangdewentile,bingqiezaileijizishentiyuzhishidetongshi,yekaishiyongxinchuilianzijideyuyanle。

  四、增强体育解说中的语言美

  tiyujieshuoyuanhaiyaozaihuashuodezhundejichushangnulizuodaohuashuodemei。zheishiduitiyujieshuoyuyangenggaoyigecengcideyaoqiu。bisaishishangxinyuemude,bingqieshouzhongzaiguankanbisaideguochengzhongshixiwangdedaomeidexiangshouheyuyuexinqingde,zheishitiyubisaihejieshuosuogongyoudeyigeyulegongneng,suoyitiyujieshuodeyuyanyinggaitongbisaichangmianyiyangyueerdongting,zheiyangcainengshihuamianyushengyinyoujihexiedironghezaiyiqi,xingchenggaozhiliangdeshitingxiangshou。youdeshihou ,jieshuoyuandeyuyanhuichengweizhudaobisaizhuanbojiemuhaohuaideguanjianyinsu。jingchanghuichuxianzheiyangdeqingkuang,zaizhuanboyichangbijiaokuzaohuoduikangxingbushihenqiangdebisaishi,bisaiyinquefajingzhengxingerbiandehenmeiyouyisi,fangfokanzhe、kanzhejiunengshuizheleside。mianduizheiyangdeqingkuang,ruguojieshuoyuanyesuizheguanzhongyiyangjuedemeiyisi,meijiqingershiqulezhuanbodejijixing,neizuizhongbisaidezhuanboyejiushiquleguanzhong,shibaile。danshidangshiruguojieshuoyuandeyuyannenggoufengquyoumo,jiuhuiduifaweidebisaixingchengjijidebuchong,shishouzhongyiranzaibisaidezhuanbozhonghuodejingshenshangdeyuyue。nbabisaidezhuanboyoudeshihoujiuyouzheizhongqingkuang,yinweihemeiguoshichadeyuanyin,jingchangchuxianbochudebisaibushizhibodehuozheshiwuguanjinyaodeyichangchangguisai,zheigeshihouwangwangguanzhongdexingqujiubushihengao,zheigeshihoujiuxuyaojieshuoyuanyongtamendeyuyanlaidiaodongshouzhongdeqingxu,jinliangrangzhuanbodadaoyidingdexiaoguo。mianduizheiyangdeqingkuang,yujiazaijieshuodeshihoujiuhuihejiabinguwendiaokanyixia,shuoyixiezaipingshizhuanbozhongdabisaideshibuhuishuodehuabianxinwenzhileide,huozhekaikaiwanxiao,zhaozhaozheichangbisaichubisaizhiwaidekandianlaixiyinguanzhongdeyanqiu。suoyishuojieshuodeyuyankeyishishouzhongbuzaigandaochenmen、kunjuan,huafuxiuweishenqidejudazuoyong。raner,yuyanyaoxiangyoumeibingbushiyichaoyixijiukeyidedaode,tashitiyujieshuoyuanyuyanneiwaijiqiaodezongheyunyong,shizaiyuyanzhunquedejichushangshixiande,xuyaotiyujieshuoyuanzaijubeitiyuzhishideqiantixiahaiyaojubeiyidingdeyishuxiuyang。

  结 语

  tiyujieshuodeyuyanshiyimenzonghedeyishu,suoyitayaoyoutiyujieshuobenshenzijidetedian,zaiyuyanzhunquedejichushang,haiyaoshiheyutiyubisaihezhuanbodexuyao,yidingyaozhunque、jianlian、shengdong、lundianxianming、luojiqingxi、biaodayouyishu,zaiyuyantaishishanghaiyaoposhi、ziran、liuchang,zhuyaoyishuoweizhu,yushouzhongdexinlijulibuyaotaiyuan,yushipinghuanyixie,buyaotaiguoyujiangheyouqingxiangxing。xinshiqi,womendetiyushiyefazhanle,suoyiwomenzaiyuyandejibenyaoqiufangmianyeyaoyouyidingdetigao,zheijiuxuyaozaiwendingyuanyoudeyoushijichushang,laifazhanwomensuoquefade,zheijiushitiyujieshuoyuyandefazhanfangxiang,yeshishouzhongsuoxuyaode。

  womendetiyujieshuoshiyehaicunzaizhehenduoxuyaogaijindefangmian,mianduixinshiqidejiyuhetiaozhan,womendejieshuoyuanbixushiyingxinshiqidechuanbohuanjing、quelixinshiqidejieshuofengge,laibaozhuzijitiyusaishixinxichuanbodejueduizhutidiwei。mianduidazhongchuanbodebuduanfazhanheshouzhongxinlideduozhongbianhua,tiyujieshuoyuanxuyaocongzhongzhaodaohelidezishendingwei,genghaodiweimeitichuanbogongzuofuwu,weidianshiguanzhongfuwu。

  cankaowenxian:

  [1]wangqun、xuli.dianshitiyujieshuo[m].beijing:zhongguochuanmeidaxuechubanshe,2005.

3132幸运的彩  [2]luweiren.tiyuxinwenbaodao[m].beijing:zhongguochuanmeidaxuechubanshe,2005.

3132幸运的彩  [3]guochaoren.tiyuxinwenxuan[m].beijing:xinhuachubanshe,1999.

  [4]wangdazhong,duzhihong,chenpeng.tiyuchuanbo——yundong、meijieyushehui[m].beijing:zhongguochuanmeidaxuechubanshe,2006.

  [5]cenchuanli.ganwutiyu[m].beijing:renmintiyuchubanshe,2002.

3132幸运的彩  [6]lizhongqing,chenwenyuan. shouzhongxuqiuyutiyuxinwenbaodaodefazhanqushi.tiyushijie[j].2006,(06).

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